Soursop Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits

Soursop

Seinny Oktafena EyeEm / Getty Images

The unusually shaped soursop fruit—it looks like an oversized strawberry that crossbred with an apple and grew thorns—is native to Central and South America, and is a popular, sweet delicacy there. Soursop tastes like a combination of strawberry, pineapple, and citrus.

A member of the custard apple family, the fruit comes from the Annona muricata broadleaf evergreen and is known for its health benefits, which may include reducing inflammation, improving the immune system and healing stomach issues.

Soursop Nutrition Facts

The following nutrition information is provided by the USDA for 1 cup (225g) of soursop pulp.

  • Calories: 148
  • Fat: 0.7g
  • Sodium: 31.5mg
  • Carbohydrates: 37.9g
  • Fiber: 7.4g
  • Sugars: 30.5g
  • Protein: 2.3g
  • Vitamin C: 46.4mg
  • Potassium: 626mg

Carbs

Soursop contains almost 38 grams of carbohydrates per cup. The carbs in soursop come from naturally-occurring sugars, and it contains more than 7 grams of fiber per serving (also about a quarter of your recommended daily intake). The glycemic index of soursop is low.

Fats

This fruit is very low in fat, providing less than one gram per serving.

Protein

Soursop, like most fruits, is not a good source of protein. A single serving contains only 2.3 grams of protein. So you'll need to incorporate other protein sources, such as salmon, lean meats, and legumes, into your diet to meet your daily needs.

Vitamins and Minerals

Soursop comes packed with micronutrients. One cup provides 46.4 mg of vitamin C. The USDA recommends an intake of 90 mg per day to support your immune system. Soursop also provides 626 mg of potassium for blood pressure regulation and rapid workout recovery.

Health Benefits

Soursop, also known as graviola or guanabana, may also provide a range of other health benefits. For example, graviola tea—made from the leaves (not the fruit) of the soursop plant—is often used to treat infections (both bacterial and viral) that cause cold-like symptoms. In addition, some people use it to treat sexually transmitted diseases like herpes.

Not enough scientific evidence supports these uses, although studies show that some soursop extracts may provide immune system support.

Potential for Cancer Prevention

A 2018 study reported that extracts from soursop fruit, as well as the tree's bark, roots, and leaves, had the therapeutic potential to combat cancer and other non-malignant diseases.

However, not enough human data support this claim. Experts from Cancer Treatment Centers of America warn against using soursop as a cancer fighter, and they note that soursop is associated with numerous unsubstantiated claims. Drugs developed from compounds in the soursop plant are more likely to be effective than simply consuming the fruit or tea made from its leaves.

Promotes Digestive Health

Due to its high fiber content, soursop may aid with proper digestion. The fruit’s juice can also act as a diuretic and cleanse the gastrointestinal tract by removing excess sodium from the body. An extract of soursop has been shown to help heal gastric ulcers in lab animals.

Fights Inflammation

Like most fruits and vegetables, soursop is a good source of antioxidants, which might help the body repair cell damage and combat inflammation.

Allergies

There have been no cases of soursop allergy reported in the medical literature. But any food that contains protein can theoretically be allergenic.

Adverse Effects

You should avoid consuming soursop or drinking the fruit in a tea if any of the following apply to you:

  • You have diabetes, as graviola has blood sugar-lowering effect in laboratory animals.
  • You are taking drugs to reduce hypertension, as graviola is shown to have additive effects when taken with drugs for this health issue.
  • You have liver disease.
  • You have kidney disease.

Studies in laboratory animals have shown that compounds in graviola cause movement disorders and myeloneuropathy, a disease with symptoms similar to Parkinson’s Disease. 

Varieties

In some regions, both "sweet" (less acidic) and "sour" soursop are cultivated. The sweet version is more likely to be eaten raw.

Soursop tea is brewed from the leaves of the soursop tree. It has traditionally been used to relax the body and decrease stress.

When It's Best

This tropical fruit is mostly available in Central and South America. However, some grocery stores carry frozen soursop.

You can substitute soursop with cherimoya, a popular alternative that is available online and in some groceries. Cherimoya tastes similar to soursop, as it also comes from the custard apple family and offers comparable nutritional value. However, cherimoya does not have the cancer-fighting potential of soursop or the same anti-inflammatory properties.

If you cannot find cherimoya, you can create soursop's flavor profile by blending together equal parts strawberries, pineapple, and bananas.

Storage and Food Safety

You can store unripe, whole soursop fruits at room temperature. Ripened fruits will keep for a couple of days in the refrigerator.

How to Prepare

Because the fruit is local to the tropics, you will not find soursop in abundance in North America. If you do get your hands on the fruit, you can eat it on its own, as you would any raw fruit. You can also incorporate soursop into syrups, smoothies, and other desserts such as ice creams, candies, and sweet beverages.

Was this page helpful?
Article Sources
Verywell Fit uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Soursop, raw. FoodData Central. U.S Department of Agriculture. Published April 1, 2019.

  2. Uchôa Passos T, Alves de Carvalho Sampaio H, Dantas Sabry MO, Pereira de Melo ML, Magalhães Coelho MA, de Oliveira Lima JW. Glycemic index and glycemic load of tropical fruits and the potential risk for chronic diseasesFood Sci Technol (Campinas). 2014;36(1):66-73. doi:10.1590/1678-457X.6449

  3. Kim GT, Tran NK, Choi EH, et al. Immunomodulatory efficacy of standardized Annona muricata (graviola) leaf extract via activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2016;2016:2905127. doi:10.1155/2016/2905127

  4. Qazi AK, Siddiqui, JA, Jahan R, et al. Emerging therapeutic potential of graviola and its constituents in cancers. Carcinogenesis. 2018;39(4):522-533. doi:10.1093/carcin/bgy024

  5. Ioannis P, Anastasis S, Andreas Y. Graviola: A systematic review on its anticancer properties. Am J Cancer Prev. 2015;3(6):128-131. doi:10.12691/ajcp-3-6-5.

  6. Chan WJ, Mclachlan AJ, Hanrahan JR, Harnett JE. The safety and tolerability of Annona muricata leaf extract: A systematic review. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2020;72(1):1-16. doi:10.1111/jphp.13182

  7. Zamudio-Cuevas Y, Díaz-Sobac R, Vázquez-Luna A, et al. The antioxidant activity of soursop decreases the expression of a member of the NADPH oxidase family. Food Funct. 2014;5(2):303-9. doi:10.1039/c3fo60135h

  8. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Graviola. Updated May 14, 2019.

  9. Cancer Research UK. Graviola (soursop). Updated October 22, 2018.