How to Do the Anterior Shoulder Stretch

Proper Form, Variations, and Common Mistakes

Woman stretching shoulders
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Targets: Shoulder muscles including anterior deltoid, pectoralis minor, pectoralis major, supraspinatus.

Level: Beginner

Stretching your shoulders can feel good, especially for those of who spend long hours hunched over a computer. It can also prepare you for walking with good posture—shoulders back and relaxed and chest open for better breathing. As follow-up exercises, arm circles can be used to take your shoulders through their full range of motion. Also, seated stretches for the shoulders, back, and neck can be beneficial.

Benefits

You may get tight shoulder muscles from a variety of activities and sports. But everyday life, such as working at a desk or reading, can lead you to slouch or hunch your shoulders. As a result, you can use some stretching to return flexibility and range of motion to your shoulder muscles and restore good posture.

This behind-your-back shoulder stretch will stretch the front of the shoulder and the chest (the anterior deltoid and the pectoralis minor muscles). The anterior deltoid muscle works to flex the shoulder and horizontally adducts the shoulder (moving it towards the center of the chest). The pectoralis minor helps in breathing by lifting the ribs and protracting the scapula. The pectoralis major adducts and medially rotates the shoulder. The supraspinatus abducts and externally rotates the shoulder, drawing it away from the center of the chest.

Step-by-Step Instructions

Begin by standing up straight with shoulders relaxed and back.

  1. Clasp your hands behind your lower back.
  2. Lift your clasped hands, keeping your elbows straight, back out away from your body. Keep an upright posture.
  3. Stop lifting at the point you no longer feel comfortable; don't stretch to the point of pain.
  4. Stretch for 15 to 30 seconds.

Common Mistakes

Do these stretches gently and with a constant pressure rather than any jerky motions. Do not force the stretch past where it is comfortable without pain.

Modifications and Variations

Need a Modification?

If you have difficulty clasping your hands behind your back, hold on to a towel or belt behind your back.

Anterior Shoulder Stretch Variation

This version will also stretch the anterior deltoid and pectoralis major and set you up for good posture.

  1. Stand up straight with shoulders relaxed and your back straight.
  2. Place the palms of your hands on your lower back (rather than clasping them as in the first version).
  3. Now try rotate your elbows inward towards the middle of your back while keeping your palms flat on your lower back.
  4. Hold for 10 to 30 seconds.

Anterior Shoulder Rotation Stretch With Towel or Walking Pole

This stretch targets the supraspinatus muscle, which is part of the rotator cuff.

  1. Place the towel or walking pole (or golf club) behind your back vertically.
  2. Grasp it with your right hand near the small of your back, and with your left hand at the top of your back.
  3. Keep your right shoulder relaxed.
  4. Pull up on the towel or pole with your right hand. Hold for 10 to 30 seconds.
  5. Switch and perform it with the left hand low and the right hand high. Keep your left shoulder relaxed.

Safety and Precautions

If you have any shoulder instability due to rotator cuff tears, tendinitis, arthritis, or feel any pain or instability, do not do shoulder stretches until you have discussed it with your doctor.

Try It Out

Incorporate this move and similar ones into one of these popular workouts:

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