How to Do Siddhasana in Yoga

Proper Form, Variations, and Common Mistakes

woman sitting cross legged in siddhasana pose

Verywell / Ben Goldstein

Also Known As: The accomplished pose, perfect pose

Targets: Hips, groin muscles, lower back, spine

Equipment Needed: Yoga mat

Level: Beginner

Siddhasana, also known as the accomplished pose or perfect pose, is a beginner level yoga position. The name of the pose comes from two different meanings: Siddha, which means perfect or accomplished, and Asana, which means pose.

Practicing Siddhasana can improve your posture, lengthen your spine, and open your hips, chest, and shoulders. Since you can maintain this pose for long periods of time, it’s also an ideal position for meditating. 

It’s also an excellent exercise for increasing flexibility in your hips and groin/inner thigh muscles. The Siddhasana is one of the essential core poses you should add to your yoga line-up or perform on its own, especially if meditation and deep breathing are part of your daily routine.


The Siddhasana pose stretches the hips, adductors, knees, and ankles. When done correctly, it also helps direct energy from your lower body upward through the spine, which results in a flat back, upright posture, and long spine. 

You will gain the most benefits from the Siddhasana by staying in the position for long holds while practicing deep breathing. This allows you to focus on the tighter areas of your hips and through slow, mindful breathing, gradually open this area each time you perform the pose. 

Practicing Siddhasana on a regular basis may help reduce stress levels and decrease the symptoms associated with anxiety. Plus, sitting in a meditative pose while practicing deep breathing helps to ground you and encourages both physical and mental relief from the daily stressors of life. 

Step-by-Step Instructions

  1. Begin by sitting on the floor with your legs straight out in front of you and hands at your sides. For extra cushioning, consider sitting on a yoga mat or blanket. 
  2. Bend your left knee and bring your left heel close to your body by your groin area. 
  3. Bend your right knee and move it toward the front of the left ankle. 
  4. From this position, inhale and while you exhale, lift your right foot and place it just above your left ankle. Bring your right heel into your groin area. This step should feel comfortable. Do not force it. 
  5. Slide the toes of your right foot into the space between the left calf muscles. This will help to keep your posture steady. 
  6. Take your hands from your sides and place them palms down on the knees. Your knees should touch the floor. You can also stretch your arms straight to the sides and rest the backs of your palms or wrists on your knees, so your palms face upwards. If you cannot do this or you experience discomfort, use one of the modifications until you have more flexibility in your hips. 
  7. Sit upright with your gaze facing forward. There should be a nice, straight line from the top of your head to the floor. 
  8. Stay here and breathe deeply for one minute or longer. 

Common Mistakes

Crossing the Same Leg

To perform the Siddhasana correctly, you need to change the leg you cross on top each time you hold this pose. It’s not uncommon for one side to feel more flexible than the other. That’s why it’s important to alternate legs. 

Forcing Your Knees Down

If you’re new to this pose or you have limitations in your hips or knees, do not force your knees down in order to get closer to the ground. Only go down as far as you feel comfortable. And if you cannot get your knees in a comfortable position, sit on a folded blanket. This will help take the pressure off of your knees and hips. 

Rounding Your Upper and Lower Back

Having an upright posture with a flat back and long spine is key to the success of this pose, especially during long meditation sessions. If you have a tendency to round your lower back, consider sitting with your back flat against a wall. 

Modifications and Variations

The Siddhasana is an essential pose in most yoga sequences. With that in mind, there are ways to make it easier and more challenging. 

Need a Modification?

If you feel discomfort in your hips when performing the Siddhasana pose or your hips are too tight to do the move, sit on a folded blanket, so your hips are above the level of your knees. If this is still not enough of a modification, consider adding another blanket or pillow to raise you up higher. To prep for this pose, try the Sukhasana or easy pose. This modified version of the Siddhasana changes the placement of your feet, which helps you work on strength and flexibility in your hips. 

Up for a Challenge?

Since Siddhasana is a seated yoga posture commonly used while meditating, one way you can make this pose more difficult is to hold it for longer. That said, it’s important to take a conservative approach when holding the pose for an extended period of time. Start with small increments such as one minute and increase the duration as you become more accustomed to the pose. Since Siddhasana requires strict posture, you can also make this pose more challenging by directing your energy to sitting tall and lengthening your spine.

Safety and Precautions

The Siddhasana pose is generally safe for most fitness levels. However, if you have any knee, hip or sciatica issues, you should avoid this exercise. Additionally, if you have issues with your ankles, make sure to pay attention and address any discomfort or limited range of motion when performing this pose. If you feel any pain, stop and consider one of the modifications. Ease into the pose and avoid forcing the position as you lower your knees to the floor. It is normal to feel a stretch in the inner thighs, hips, and groin area, but you should never feel pain. 

Try It Out

Incorporate this move and similar ones into one of these popular workouts:

By Sara Lindberg
Sara Lindberg, M.Ed., is a freelance writer focusing on health, fitness, nutrition, parenting, and mental health.