Are You a Candidate For Weight-Loss Surgery?

Weight Loss Surgery Isn't For Everyone

Gastric Band

Getty Images / Peter Dazeley

Not everyone is not a candidate for weight loss surgery. A candidate for surgery for weight loss must be many things: healthy enough to tolerate the procedure but heavy enough to need the surgery, able to handle the recovery and rapid physical changes that happen after the procedure. They must also be willing to make major life-changing alterations to their lifestyle including eating healthfully and routine exercise.

While the final decision of whether or not you should have weight loss surgery is made by your surgeon, there are general guidelines that most surgeons and insurance companies adhere to when choosing who is an appropriate patient.

It is possible for your surgeon to state that you are an excellent candidate and for your insurance company to determine that you do not qualify for surgery. In that case, while your surgeon is willing to perform surgery, your insurance company would refuse to pay for the procedure. You could potentially pay out of pocket, but the costs are considerable.

Good Candidates for Weight Loss Surgery

Surprisingly enough, some patients can actually be too obese to have weight loss surgery, as the risk outweighs the potential rewards of the procedure, or the risk of death during the procedure is too high. Even stranger, other patients may not be obese enough to qualify for weight loss surgery.

Those who are too heavy are instructed to lose weight before the surgeon can proceed with the operation, while patients who are too thin are advised that the risks of surgery outweigh the benefits in their case. Your surgeon can advise you if weight loss is necessary prior to surgery to have the best outcome.

While a few centers in the United States are performing weight loss surgeries on patients under the age of 18, most surgeons prefer to wait until the patient is older and better equipped to make a life-altering decision.

If you have other health conditions, such as diabetes or another disease process, these conditions may prevent surgery if they are not well controlled or dramatically increase your surgical risk. Your surgeon will take your unique health history and current state of health into account when determining if you are a good candidate for a procedure to lose excess weight. 

Criteria for Weight Loss Surgery

The best candidates for weight loss surgery meet the following criteria:

  • You have a BMI of 40 or greater
  • You may have heart disease, diabetes or obstructive sleep apnea
  • You have attempted to lose weight for 2+ years
  • You have been obese for at least 3–5 years
  • You are able to care for yourself and follow a physician’s instructions
  • You are motivated to lose weight and maintain a healthful lifestyle
  • You do not abuse drugs or alcohol or have other physical addictions
  • You are a nonsmoker
  • You are an adult under the age of 65
  • You are willing to participate in counseling

If you meet these guidelines, you may be a candidate for weight loss surgery. Your surgeon will be the one to make the final decision; however, this list should help you determine if you meet the criteria. 

A Word From Verywell

While there is a list of guidelines for who can qualify for weight loss surgery, your surgeon will determine if you are a good candidate after reviewing your health history, weight and other important factors. Your surgeon will help you determine which surgery is the right one for you, if your level of risk is acceptable for surgery and if you are able to follow instructions after the procedure so that you lose excess fat and are healthier after surgery than before.

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